October 6, 2023

How will Debt Settlement affect my Credit Score?

Learn how Debt Settlement affects your credit score in the short and long term, and explore alternatives to manage Debt.

Do you ever wonder how a single financial decision can send shockwaves through your entire financial life? In the United States alone, as of 2022, the total household Debt had reached a staggering $16.9 trillion. It's a colossal figure, but it's not just a number; it represents the financial stress and anxiety that millions of individuals and families face daily.

In such dire circumstances, the prospect of Debt Settlement emerges as a potential lifeline. It promises a way out of the relentless cycle of Debt by negotiating with creditors to pay a reduced amount in exchange for Sebt forgiveness. Yet, a crucial question looms: How will Debt Settlement affect my credit score? This inquiry is not merely a matter of curiosity; it's a pivotal concern for those contemplating Debt settlement as a solution.

In this comprehensive article, we will navigate the complex landscape of Debt Settlement, dissecting the short-term and long-term impacts on your credit score. From the immediate credit score dip to the enduring effects of settled accounts on your credit report, we'll provide you with insights, advice, and alternative strategies to empower you to make informed decisions about your financial future.

Read more: How to work with Debt relief programs

How will Debt Settlement affect my Credit Score?

Once Debt Settlement occurs, taking proactive steps to rebuild your credit is essential. One effective strategy is to secure a credit builder loan and ensure that your payments are consistently reported to credit bureaus. This approach allows you to demonstrate responsible financial behavior and gradually rebuild your credit over time. 

While Debt settlement may have initially caused a drop in your credit score due to missed payments and settled accounts, this proactive approach can help you on the path to improved creditworthiness.

What happens once you do Debt Settlement?

When you initiate Debt Settlement, you negotiate with your creditors to pay a portion of your outstanding Debt, often less than the total amount owed, to settle the Debt. While this can provide relief from overwhelming debt, it has several consequences. Your credit score may initially drop due to missed payments and settled accounts. 

The settled Debts will be marked as "settled" on your credit report, which can negatively impact your credit history. Additionally, Debt settlement may result in tax implications, as forgiven Debt can be considered taxable income. It's crucial to carefully consider these consequences and explore credit-building options post-settlement.[1]

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How will Debt Settlement affect my Credit Score? Bright

How does Debt Settlement impact Credit Score?

Debt settlement can have both immediate and long-term effects on your credit score. Initially, it often leads to a significant drop in your credit score due to missed payments and settled accounts. Let's delve into more details: 

Short-Term Effects of Debt Settlement on Credit Scores

In the short term, here are some of the ways it can impact your credit profile:

a. Delinquencies and Late Payments

One of the inevitable consequences of pursuing Debt settlement is the likelihood of becoming delinquent on your accounts. Delinquency occurs when you fail to make your monthly payments on time. As you negotiate with creditors, you may stop making payments altogether until a settlement agreement is reached.

These missed payments can have a detrimental impact on your credit score. Payment history is the most critical factor in credit scoring, and even a single missed payment can cause your score to drop significantly. Multiple late payments or a prolonged period of non-payment can result in severe credit score damage.

b. Account Closures

In many cases, creditors may choose to close your accounts when you settle a Debt with them. This is especially true for credit card accounts. Account closures can affect your credit score in several ways:

  • Credit Utilization: Closing credit card accounts reduces your total available credit. As a result, your credit utilization ratio may increase, which can negatively impact your score. Credit utilization measures how much of your available credit you're using, and lower utilization is better for your score
  • Length of Credit History: Closed accounts may no longer contribute to the average length of your credit history, potentially reducing this aspect of your credit score

c. Credit Score Drop

The immediate impact of Debt Settlement on your credit score is typically negative. The extent of the drop can vary depending on factors such as the number of settled accounts, the size of the settlements, and your credit history before settlement. In some cases, credit scores can decrease by 100 points or more.

It's important to be prepared for this initial decrease in your credit score if you're considering Debt Settlement. However, the short-term damage can be less severe than the long-term consequences of carrying unmanageable Debt.[2]

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Long-Term Effects of Debt Settlement on Credit Scores

While the short-term effects of Debt Settlement can be challenging, it's essential to consider the long-term implications for your credit score. These effects can persist for several years after the settlement process is completed:

a. Negative Items on Credit Reports

Debt Settlement results in negative items on your credit reports. These negative items typically include:

  • Settled Accounts: Accounts that were settled for less than the full balance will be marked as "settled" on your credit reports, indicating that you didn't pay the full amount owed
  • Late Payments: If you had late payments leading up to the settlement, these late payments will remain on your credit reports for seven years from the date of the initial delinquency
  • Collection Accounts: If your accounts were already in collections before the settlement, they may be updated to reflect a settled status, but the collection entry itself will still remain on your report

These negative items can significantly lower your credit score and make it challenging to qualify for new credit or loans in the future. Lenders view settled accounts and late payments as red flags, indicating a history of financial struggles.

b. Impact on Credit Utilization

As mentioned earlier, Debt Settlement can lead to account closures, especially with credit card accounts. These closures reduce your available credit, which can increase your credit utilization ratio. A higher utilization ratio can further harm your credit score.

To mitigate this effect, it is essential to manage your remaining credit accounts responsibly and aim to keep your credit utilization as low as possible. This may involve paying down other credit card balances and avoiding maxing out your available credit.

c. Rebuilding Your Credit Score

After going through Debt Settlement and experiencing a drop in your credit score, it's crucial to have a plan for rebuilding your credit over time. Here are some steps you can take to improve your credit score:

  • Pay On-Time: Ensure that you make all of your payments on time moving forward. Consistent on-time payments will have a positive impact on your payment history
  • Open New Credit Accounts: While it might seem counterintuitive, opening new credit accounts responsibly can help improve your credit mix and lengthen your credit history. Consider secured credit cards or credit-builder loans if you're having trouble obtaining traditional credit cards
  • Keep Balances Low: Maintain low balances on your credit accounts. High credit card balances relative to your credit limits can negatively affect your credit utilization
  • Monitor Your Credit: Regularly review your credit reports to check for inaccuracies or discrepancies. You can obtain free annual credit reports from the major credit bureaus
  • Patience: Understand that rebuilding your credit takes time. Negative items, such as late payments and settled accounts, will remain on your credit reports for several years, but their impact diminishes over time[2]

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How to improve Credit Score?

Improving your credit score is like tending to a garden – it takes time and attention. Start by giving your credit report a thorough check to spot any errors or inaccuracies and dispute them. Make it a habit to pay your bills on time, which includes credit cards, loans, and even utilities. Keep your credit card balances in check, ideally below 30% of your credit limit. Don't rush to close old accounts; they add depth to your credit history. Mix it up with different types of credit when possible.

When you're thinking about getting new credit, be mindful of the impact on your score. Multiple credit inquiries in a short time can lower it. Consider using credit builder tools like loans or cards, but be sure the payments get reported to the credit bureaus. Lastly, remember that building good credit is a journey, and patience is your best friend. Positive changes take time to sprout in your credit score garden![3]

Credit Builder Loan Platforms

Several platforms offer credit builder loans to help individuals improve their credit scores. One notable option is Bright Money. Bright specializes in providing personalized credit-building solutions to users, leveraging technology and data analysis to offer tailored financial guidance. They help you establish positive payment histories, which is essential for improving your credit score over time. 

Other platforms to consider include Self Lender and Chime Credit Builder. These services typically work by holding your loan amount in a savings account and reporting your payments to credit bureaus, helping you build credit gradually while saving money for your future financial goals.

Read more: How to get credit card Debt relief


Debt settlement can offer a lifeline to individuals struggling with unmanageable Debt, providing a path to Debt relief when other options seem out of reach. However, it is essential to weigh the benefits against the potential consequences, especially the impact on your credit score.

The short-term effects of Debt Settlement often include late payments, account closures, and a significant drop in your credit score. These effects can make it challenging to obtain new credit or loans in the immediate aftermath of settlement. However, the long-term consequences, such as negative items on your credit reports and higher credit utilization, can linger for years.

If you choose Debt Settlement as a Debt relief strategy, it's crucial to have a plan for rebuilding your credit over time. Responsible financial management, on-time payments, and patience are key to gradually improving your credit score.

Before pursuing Debt settlement, explore alternative options like Debt consolidation and credit counseling, which may have less severe credit score implications. Only consider bankruptcy as a last resort, recognizing its serious and enduring impact on your credit.

Ultimately, the decision to pursue Debt Settlement should be made after careful consideration of your financial circumstances, goals, and the potential consequences for your credit score. Consulting with a financial advisor or credit counselor can help you make an informed choice and create a plan to achieve long-term financial stability.

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Suggested Readings 

11 Debt Payoff Blunders: Avoid These Now!

Credit Building Myths Exposed: Unveiling Truths!


  1. https://www.bankrate.com/personal-finance/debt/what-is-debt-settlement/
  2. https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/110614/how-will-debt-settlement-affect-my-credit-score.asp#:~:text=While%20debt%20settlement%20can%20eliminate,to%20three%20years%20past%20due
  3. https://www.experian.com/blogs/ask-experian/alternatives-to-debt-settlement/


1. Can Debt Settlement completely wipe out my Debt?

Debt settlement can significantly reduce the amount you owe to creditors, but it rarely wipes out the entire Debt. Typically, creditors agree to accept a partial payment, often around 40-60% of the original Debt, in exchange for forgiving the remaining balance. This allows you to settle the Debt for less than you owe, providing financial relief. However, it's essential to understand that not all creditors are willing to settle, and the final outcome depends on negotiations and individual circumstances.

2. Will Debt Settlement stop collection calls and legal action?

Debt settlement can sometimes halt collection calls and legal action temporarily, especially if you're working with a reputable settlement company. When creditors agree to a settlement, they may put a hold on collection efforts. However, until a settlement is reached, you may still receive collection calls and face potential legal action. It's crucial to communicate with your creditors and, if needed, consult an attorney to understand your rights and options during the process.

3. How long will Debt Settlement stay on my credit report?

Debt settlement can have lasting effects on your credit report. A settled account will typically remain on your credit report for seven years from the date of the first delinquency that led to the settlement. During this time, it can negatively impact your credit score and your ability to obtain new credit or loans at favorable terms. However, as time passes, its impact lessens, and you can take steps to rebuild your credit.

4. Can I negotiate Debt Settlement on my own?

Yes, it is possible to negotiate Debt settlement directly with your creditors without involving a Debt settlement company. However, this can be a challenging and time-consuming process. It requires strong negotiation skills and a clear understanding of your financial situation and the creditor's policies. Working with a reputable Debt settlement company can provide expertise and may improve your chances of reaching favorable settlements.

5. What are the tax implications of Debt Settlement?

Debt settled for less than the full amount owed may be considered taxable income by the IRS. This means you might have to pay taxes on the forgiven Debt amount. However, there are exceptions, such as the insolvency exclusion, which may allow you to avoid this tax liability. It's essential to consult with a tax professional to understand the specific tax consequences of Debt settlement in your situation and explore potential exemptions that may apply to you.


Bright credit is a line of credit that can be used to pay off your credit cards. Subject to credit approval. Variable apr range from 9% –24.99%, credit limit ranges from $500 - $8,000. Apr will vary based on prime rates.  Final terms may vary depending on credit review. Monthly minimum payments are as low as 3% of the outstanding principal balance plus the accrued interest. Also, you can choose to pay more than the minimum due if you want to pay down the loan faster. Credit line originated by bright or cbw bank, member fdic. Products and services subject to state residency and regulatory requirements. Bright credit is currently not available in all states. 

Payment history has the biggest impact on credit score accounting for 40% of how score is calculated per transunion (https://www.transunion.com/credit-score). Bright builder helps you build payment history that may positively improve your credit score. Credit score increase is not guaranteed. Individual results may vary. Late payments, missed payments, or other defaults on your accounts with us or others will have a negative effect on your credit score. Products and services subject to state residency and regulatory requirements. Bright builder is currently not available in all states.

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